ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2020, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (5): 906-911.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2020.20190794

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

图灵测试的明与暗

于剑   

  1. (北京交通大学人工智能研究院 北京 100044) (交通数据分析与挖掘北京市重点实验室(北京交通大学) 北京 100044) (jianyu@bjtu.edu.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2020-05-01

Brilliance and Darkness: Turing Test

Yu Jian   

  1. (Institute of Artificial Intelligence, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044) (Beijing Key Laboratory of Traffic Data Analysis and Mining (Beijing Jiaotong University), Beijing 100044)
  • Online: 2020-05-01

摘要: 讨论图灵测试及其变形,分析图灵测试的理论可能性和工程可行性,简要综述图灵测试的进展.首次揭示概念经典定义的预设,因此说明了图灵测试的基本假设,并明确指出:图灵测试的基本假设不仅与人类的生活经验不符,也与社会科学不合.这给人工智能的研究和实现带来很大的理论挑战.

关键词: 人工智能, 图灵测试, 预设, 概念

Abstract: In this paper we discuss Turing Test and its modifications, study its theoretical presumption and practical feasibility, and briefly survey the development for Turing Test. By analyzing the presumptions of a classical concept definition, the basic assumptions of Turing Test are demonstrated. In this paper, it clearly shows that the basic assumptions of Turing Test are not consistent with humans daily life and social science, which brings greatly theoretical challenges for artificial intelligence research.

Key words: artificial intelligence, Turing Test, presumption, concept

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