ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2008, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (1): 1-15.

• •    下一篇

无线传感器网络的研究进展

李建中 高 宏   

  1. (哈尔滨工业大学计算机科学与技术学院 哈尔滨 150001) (lijzh@hit.edu.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2008-01-15

Survey on Sensor Network Research

Li Jianzhong and Gao Hong   

  1. (School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001)
  • Online: 2008-01-15

摘要: 随着传感器技术、嵌入式计算技术、分布式信息处理技术和通信技术的迅速发展,无线传感器网络应运而生.由于无线传感器网络的广阔应用前景,它已经成为21世纪的一个新研究领域,在基础理论和工程技术两个层面向科技工作者提出了大量挑战性问题.从2000年开始,国内外无线传感器网络的研究日趋热烈,取得了大量研究成果.从无线传感器网络的网络通信技术、基础设施技术、中间件技术、数据管理技术、节点及其嵌入式软件技术等5个方面系统综述了无线传感器网络的研究进展,讨论目前存在的问题和需要进一步研究的方向,并提供了广泛的参考文献.

关键词: 传感器节点, 传感器网络, 通信协议, 基础设施, 中间件, 数据管理

Abstract: Recent advances in sensing techniques, embedded computing techniques, distributed information processing techniques and communication techniques have enabled the development of wireless sensor networks. As there is a bright future in their application, wireless sensor networks have become a new research area in the 21 century. There are large numbers of challenge problems in science and engineering in the wireless sensor network area. Since 2000, more and more researchers have been engaged in the research work on wireless sensor networks and a lot of research results have already been obtained. Suiveyed in this paper is the research work on wireless sensor networks, including the wireless sensor network communication techniques, infrastructure techniques, middleware techniques, data management techniques, sensor node and embedded software techniques. The existing problems in the current research work and the new research issues are also discussed. At the end of the paper, many significant references are listed for the researchers.

Key words: sensor node, sensor network, communication protocol, infrastructure, middleware, data management