ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展

所属专题: 2014智慧城市

• 人工智能 •    下一篇

以数据为中心的智慧城市研究综述

王静远1 李 超1,2 熊 璋1 单志广3   

  1. 1(北京航空航天大学计算机学院 北京 100191) 2(北京航空航天大学深圳研究院数据活化(智慧城市)深圳市重点实验室 广东深圳 518057) 3(国家信息中心信息化研究部 北京 100045) (jywang@buaa.edu.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2014-02-15

Survey of Data-Centric Smart City

Wang Jingyuan1, Li Chao1,2, Xiong Zhang1, and Shan Zhiguang3   

  1. 1(School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang Universtiy, Beijing 100191) 2(Data VitalizationSmart City Key Laboratory, Research Institute of Beihang University in Shenzhen, Guangdong, Shenzhen 518057) 3(Information Research Department, State Information Center, Beijing 100045)
  • Online: 2014-02-15

摘要: 在城市信息化浪潮与数据科学崛起的共同推动下,智慧城市开始在全球范围内成为未来城市发展的新理念与新实践.大数据、数据活化、数据挖掘等数据管理、应用与分析技术在智慧城市建设当中具有核心作用.站在信息科学的视角之上,围绕以数据为中心这一主题,对当前智慧城市研究工作的最新动态进行了综述.梳理了当前智慧城市相关研究中广泛采用的城市数据类型及其特点,并从相关研究工作和技术与研究特点两个大的方面对该领域的研究工作现状进行了介绍.其中相关研究涵盖了技术体系研究、数据驱动的智能交通、城市计算技术和城市人类活动的统计力学等方面.而技术与研究特点的介绍包括核心技术与理论,以及领域研究的学科交叉、城市数据为中心、区域特性等方面.最后对该研究领域未来可能的发展方向进行了总结和展望.

关键词: 智慧城市, 城市计算, 大数据, 数据活化, 研究进展

Abstract: Motivated by sustainable development requirements of global environment and modern cities, the concept of the Smart City has been introduced as a strategic device of future urbanization on a global scale. On the other hand, modern cities have built up developed information infrastructure and gathered massive city running data, and therefore are ready to face the coming of the Smart City concept, technologies and applications. An important peculiarity of Smart City is that the technology system is data-centric. The data science and technologies, such as big data, data vitalization, and data mining, play pivotal roles in Smart City related technologies. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey of the most recent research activities in data-centric Smart City. The survey is from an informatics perspective and all summarized Smart City works are based on data science and technologies. This paper first summarizes the variety and analyze the feature of urban data that are used in existing Smart City researches and applications. Then, the state-of-the-art progresses in the research of data-centric Smart City are surveyed from two aspects: research activities and research specialties. The research activities are introduced from system architectures, smart transportation, urban computing, and human mobility. The research specialties are introduced from core technologies and theory, interdisciplinary, the data-centric, and the regional feature. Finally, the paper raises some directions for future works.

Key words: Smart City, urban computing, big data, data vitalization, research advance