ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

Journal of Computer Research and Development ›› 2021, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 116-136.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2021.20190697

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Video Delivery over Named Data Networking: A Survey

Hu Xiaoyan1,2,3,4, Tong Zhongqi1, Xu Ke5, Zhang Guoqiang6, Zheng Shaoqi1, Zhao Lixia1, Cheng Guang1,2,3, Gong Jian1,2,3   

  1. 1(School of Cyber Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189);2(Key Laboratory of Computer Network and Information Integration (Southeast University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 211189);3(Research Base of International Cyberspace Governance (Southeast University), Nanjing 211189);4(Purple Mountain Laboratories for Network and Communication Security, Nanjing 211189) 5(Department of Computer Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084) 6(School of Computer Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046)
  • Online:2021-01-01
  • Supported by: 
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61602114, 61772279), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFB0801703, 2018YFB1800602), the CERNET Innovation Project (NGII20170406), and the Zhishan Youth Scholar Program of SEU.

Abstract: The Internet has developed into a network dominated by content delivery services such as delivering live and on-demand videos. There are some problems in traditional IP network in terms of supporting video delivery, such as the complexity and high overhead of the deployment of multicast, the disability to effectively utilize multipath transmission, the poor support for mobility and so on. Named data networking (NDN), a promising future Internet architecture, intrinsically supports in-network caching and multipath transmission. Consumers actively use interest message to request data packet from producer, and this consumer-driven communication model enables NDN to naturally support the mobility of consumers. These features offer the potential for NDN to efficiently deliver videos. This paper first introduces the background of video delivery and NDN, and then elaborates some schemes that take the advantages of NDN to deliver video: firstly, how do the strategies in NDN improve video bit rate; secondly, how do the strategies in NDN improve video playback stability; thirdly, how do the strategies in NDN protect video copyright and privacy; finally, how do the strategies in NDN transfer new types of video. According to the analysis of these existing schemes and the comparison of their performance over IP and NDN, the challenges of delivering videos over NDN are finally pointed out.

Key words: video delivery, named data networking (NDN), in-network caching, multipath trans-mission, dynamic adaptive streaming (DAS)

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