ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2022, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (2): 362-375.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.20210893

所属专题: 2022空间数据智能专题

• 人工智能 • 上一篇    下一篇

时态图最短路径查询方法

张天明1,徐一恒1,蔡鑫伟2,范菁1   

  1. 1(浙江工业大学计算机科学与技术学院 杭州 310023);2(浙江大学计算机科学与技术学院 杭州 310013) (tmzhang@zjut.edu.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2022-02-01
  • 基金资助: 
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFB1402802)

A Shortest Path Query Method over Temporal Graphs

Zhang Tianming1, Xu Yiheng1, Cai Xinwei2, Fan Jing1   

  1. 1(College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023);2(College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310013)
  • Online: 2022-02-01
  • Supported by: 
    This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFB1402802).

摘要: 最短路径查询问题已被研究多年,然而,目前已有大部分工作主要集中在普通图上,针对时态图最短路径查询的研究工作相对较少.时态图中,2个顶点之间有多条边,每条边附带有时态区间,记录着边上代表事件的发生时间和结束时间.时态图最短路径查询在城市交通路径规划、社交网络分析、通信网络挖掘等领域有着广泛的应用.由于最短时态路径的子路径不能保证是最优子结构,传统的普通图最短路径计算方法不再适用于时态图.因此提出了基于压缩转化图树(CTG-tree)索引的查询方法,该方法包含预处理和在线查询2个阶段.预处理阶段将时态图转化为普通图,提出了一种无损压缩方法将转化图压缩以减小图规模,采用层次划分技术将压缩有向图分解为若干个子图,并基于子图建立CTG-tree索引.CTG-tree中的节点保存相应子图内部分顶点之间的最短路径、孩子节点对应子图的边界点之间的最短路径、孩子节点对应子图的边界点与当前节点相应子图的边界点之间的最短路径信息.在线查询阶段基于构建的CTG-tree索引,提出了一种高效的最短路径查询方法.基于4个真实的时态图数据集实验结果表明,与现有方法相比,提出的方法具有更优的查询性能.

关键词: 最短路径, 时态图, 压缩有向图, 树索引, 查询方法

Abstract: Shortest path query has been extensively studied for decades of years. However, most of existing works focus on shortest path query over general graphs, a paucity of studies aim at temporal graphs, where there are multi-edges between two nodes and each edge is associated with a temporal interval, recording the start time and the end time of an event. Shortest path query over temporal graphs has a plethora of applications in urban traffic route planning, social network analysis, and communication network mining, to name but a few. Traditional shortest path algorithms on general graphs are not suitable for temporal graphs because subpaths of a shortest temporal path are not guaranteed to be the optimal substructures. Hence, in this paper, we propose a Compressed Transformed Graph tree (CTG-tree) based query method, which consists of a preprocessing stage and an online query stage. In the preprocessing stage, we transform the temporal graph into a general graph, propose a lossless compression method to reduce the scale of the transformed graph, use hierarchical partitioning technique to divide the compressed directed graph into subgraphs, and then build a CTG-tree index based on the partitioned subgraphs. The nodes of CTG-tree maintain shortest paths between some vertices in the corresponding subgraphs,save shortest paths between boundaries in the subgraphs of children nodes, and record shortest paths between boundaries of the subgraphs corresponding to the children nodes and those corresponding to the current node. In the online query stage, based on the constructed CTG-tree index, we develop an efficient shortest temporal path query method. Using four real-life temporal graphs, we experimentally demonstrate that our proposed method has the best query performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods.

Key words: shortest path, temporal graph, compressed directed graph, tree index, query method

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