ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

• 论文 • 上一篇    

基于图像的几何建模技术综述

束搏1,2 邱显杰1 王兆其1   

  1. 1(中国科学院计算技术研究所 北京 100190) 2(中国科学院研究生院 北京 100049) (bshu@ict.ac.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2010-03-15

Survey of Shape from Image

Shu Bo1,2, Qiu Xianjie1, and Wang Zhaoqi1   

  1. 1(Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190) 2(Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049)
  • Online: 2010-03-15

摘要: 三维建模是计算机图形学与计算机视觉领域研究的重要问题.近年来,基于图像的三维建模技术因其成本低、操作简单、逼真性高等优势,逐渐得到研究者的重视,相关研究成果也被广泛应用于文物数字保护、智能人机交互、数字特效制作、实时监控等领域,具有极其重要的研究意义与实用价值.基于图像的建模研究由单一图像、图像序列或视频中,通过自动或交互的方式,恢复出物体、场景三维模型的方法.而基于图像的建模首先需要解决的核心问题是基于图像的几何建模问题.它主要研究的是如何从图像中恢复出物体或场景的三维几何信息.而该技术领域当前综述性文章的缺乏成为其发展的制约因素.因此,对基于图像的几何建模技术进行了综述性的分析与讨论.侧重从计算机视觉的角度,按照建模时所使用视觉线索信息的区别,对目前主流的基于图像几何建模方法进行了归类;分别对各类方法进行了基本原理探讨与研究现状介绍,并作了较深入的对比分析与讨论;最后,经过对现有研究工作的分析,对该领域存在的问题作出了总结,并对其未来可能的发展与研究方向给出了一些预测性建议.

关键词: 基于图像的建模, 基于图像的几何建模, 计算机视觉, 视觉线索, 综述

Abstract: 3D modeling is an important and interesting problem in both computer vision and computer graphics fields. Recently, image based modeling is receiving more research focuses because it is of low cost, easy to handle and can generate models with very high precision. The technology is also widely used in digital cultural heritage, movies, games, video surveillance, etc. This technology is highly valuable in both research and application. Image based modeling focuses on reconstructing 3D models of objects or scenes directly from single image, image sequences or videos. The whole modeling procedure can be fully automated or facilitated by human interaction. The key problem of image based modeling is shape from image, which focuses on reconstructing 3D geometry information from images. However, review work is not available on this topic recently, which has obviously blocked the development of image based modeling research. As a result, presented in this paper is a review of analysis and discussion on shape from image. Different methods are classified based on the visual clues used in modeling from a computer vision perspective. Basic functions and related works are also introduced for each method. After analyzing and comparing these methods individually, a conclusion is drawn which includes the characteristics, problems and future of shape from image.

Key words: image based modeling, shape from image, computer vision, visual cues, review