ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2020, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (4): 803-823.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2020.20190379

• 信息安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

涌现视角下的网络空间安全挑战

屈蕾蕾,肖若瑾,石文昌,梁彬,秦波   

  1. (中国人民大学信息学院 北京 100872) (llqu@ruc.edu.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2020-04-01
  • 基金资助: 
    中国人民大学科学研究基金项目(中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金资助)(19XNH119)

Cybersecurity Challenges from the Perspective of Emergence

Qu Leilei, Xiao Ruojin, Shi Wenchang, Liang Bin, Qin Bo   

  1. (School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872)
  • Online: 2020-04-01
  • Supported by: 
    This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Research Funds of Renmin University of China (19XNH119).

摘要: 网络空间的安全性属于涌现属性,该属性给网络空间安全带来了严峻的挑战.国内外已有不少研究者关注网络空间安全的涌现现象,迄今已取得不少成果.然而,人们对网络空间安全涌现性的认识还非常不足.针对这一状况,从涌现性的视角对网络空间安全挑战进行全面考察,旨在促进网络空间安全新思想、新理论的发展.首先,从系统科学中的涌现性的本意出发,揭示网络空间安全涌现性的基本思想;其次,从攻击、漏洞和防御3个角度,考察网络空间中存在的涌现式安全挑战;然后,按描述性、指导性和操作性3种类型,分析网络空间安全涌现性研究的发展状况;最后,从基础理论、基本模型和实用工具3个方面,讨论开展未来工作的基本途径.

关键词: 网络空间安全, 涌现性, 系统科学, 模拟, 传染病模型, 基于系统理论的设计

Abstract: The security in the cyberspace undoubtedly belongs to emergent properties in nature. This kind of emergent properties brings about severe challenges to cybersecurity. A number of efforts of research on emergent phenomena related to the security in the cyberspace have been seen both home and abroad. Up till now, a lot of significant results have been achieved by this kind of research. However, people’s knowledge of emergence in cybersecurity is still far from sufficient. For this situation, the challenges to cybersecurity are observed systemically from the perspective of emergence to promote the development of innovative ideas and theories in cybersecurity. At first, fundamental concepts of emergence in cybersecurity are revealed based on the original meaning of emergence in systems science. Secondly, challenges of emergent security to the cyberspace are explored with consideration to attacks, vulnerabilities, and defenses. Then, the state-of-the-art of research on the emergence of security in the cyberspace is analyzed in a way that it has been divided into three categories, which include descriptive research, directive research, and operational research. Finally, with the focus on fundamental theories, basic models, and practical tools, discussions are made to answer the question about how to further the study in the future in the field of emergent security in the cyberspace.

Key words: cybersecurity, emergence, systems science, simulation, epidemiological models, systems theoretic based design

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