ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2022, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (4): 765-780.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.20210644

• 信息安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

边缘计算环境下安全协议综述

李晓伟1,陈本辉1,杨邓奇1,伍高飞2,3   

  1. 1(大理大学数学与计算机学院 云南大理 671003);2(广西密码学与信息安全重点实验室(桂林电子科技大学) 广西桂林 541000);3(西安电子科技大学网络空间安全学院 西安 710071) (lixiaowei_xidian@163.com)
  • 出版日期: 2022-04-01
  • 基金资助: 
    国家自然科学基金项目(61902049,31960119,51809026);云南省科技厅项目(2018FH001-062,2018FH001-063);广西密码学与信息安全重点实验室研究课题(GCIS202123);大理大学创新团队项目(ZKLX2020308)

Review of Security Protocols in Edge Computing Environments

Li Xiaowei1, Chen Benhui1, Yang Dengqi1, Wu Gaofei2,3   

  1. 1(College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Dali University, Dali, Yunnan 671003);2(Guangxi Key Laboratory of Cryptography and Information Security (Guilin University of Electronic Technology), Guilin, Guangxi 541000);3(College of Cyberspace Security, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071)
  • Online: 2022-04-01
  • Supported by: 
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61902049, 31960119, 51809026), the Project of Yunnan Provincial Department of Science and Technology (2018FH001-062, 2018FH001-063), the Project of Guangxi Key Laboratory of Cryptography and Information Security(GCIS202123), and the Project of Dali University Innovation Team (ZKLX2020308).

摘要: 物联网的迅速普及使得数据规模以几何式上升.集中在云中心处理数据的方式逐渐出现通信时延及隐私泄露等问题.边缘计算将部分云中心业务下沉到设备边缘,使得数据处理在终端网络完成,从而实现数据快速处理.同时,由于避免了远距离通信,用户数据在本地处理,使得用户隐私数据得以安全保护.然而网络架构的改变对边缘计算环境下的安全协议又提出了新的要求.对边缘计算环境下安全协议进行分类总结有助于相关从业人员快速掌握该领域的研究进展,更有助于边缘计算安全领域的初学者快速了解安全协议在该领域中的应用方法.综述了近年来边缘计算环境下认证协议、密钥协商协议、隐私保护协议以及数据共享协议的典型研究成果,对每个安全协议进行了具体的分类、分析及总结.给出了边缘计算环境下安全协议所存在的核心问题并针对这些问题给出了具体的研究方向及建议.实现了对边缘计算环境下安全协议研究进展进行总体把握的目的.

关键词: 边缘计算, 安全协议, 认证与密钥协商, 隐私保护, 数据共享

Abstract: The rapid popularity of the Internet of things has caused the scale of data to rise geometrically. The method of processing data concentrated in the cloud center gradually has problems such as communication delay and privacy leakage. Edge computing sinks part of the cloud center business to the edge of the device enabling data processing to be completed on the terminal network, thereby achieving rapid data processing. At the same time, as long-distance communication is avoided, user data can be transferred locally, so that user privacy data can be safely protected. However, the change of network architecture puts forward new requirements for security protocols in the edge computing environment. The classification and summary of security protocols in the edge computing environment is helpful to relevant practitioners quickly grasp the research progress in this field, and it will also help beginners in the field of edge computing security to quickly understand the application methods of security protocols in this field. The typical research results of authentication protocols, key agreement protocols, privacy-preserving protocols, and data sharing protocols in the edge computing environment are reviewed, and each kind of security protocols is specifically classified, analyzed and summarized. The core problems of security protocols in the edge computing environment are given, and specific research directions and suggestions are given for each protocol field. The purpose of overall grasp of the research progress of security protocols in the current edge computing environment is achieved.

Key words: edge computing, security protocol, authentication and key agreement, privacy-preserving, data sharing

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