ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

Journal of Computer Research and Development ›› 2016, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (12): 2793-2800.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2016.20160582

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A Method of Bayesian Probabilistic Matrix Factorization Based on Generalized Gaussian Distribution

Yan Cairong, Zhang Qinglong, Zhao Xue,Huang Yongfeng   

  1. (School of Computer Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620)
  • Online:2016-12-01

Abstract: The method of Bayesian probability matrix factorization (Bayesian PMF) is widely used in the personalized recommendation systems due to its high prediction accuracy and excellent scalability. However, the accuracy is affected greatly by the sparsity of the initial scoring matrix. A new Bayesian PMF method based on generalized Gaussian distribution called GBPMF is proposed in this paper. In the method, the generalized Gaussian distribution (GGD) is adopted as the prior distribution model in which some related parameters are adjusted automatically through machine learning to achieve desired effect. Meanwhile, we apply the Gibbs sampling algorithm to optimize the loss function. Considering the influence of the time difference of scoring in the prediction process, a temporal factor is integrated into the sampling algorithm to optimize the method and improve its prediction accuracy. The experimental results show that our methods GBPMF and GBPMF-T can obtain higher accuracy when dealing with both sparse matrix and non-sparse matrix, and the latter can even get better effect. When the matrix is very sparse, the accuracy of Bayesian PMF decreases sharply while our methods show stable performance.

Key words: personalized recommender systems, Bayesian PMF, machine learning, generalized Gaussian distribution (GGD), sparse matrix

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