ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

Journal of Computer Research and Development ›› 2018, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (12): 2725-2733.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2018.20170357

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A Linear Method for Online AUC Maximization

Zhu Zhenfeng, Zhai Yanxiang, Ye Yangdong   

  1. (School of Information Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052)
  • Online:2018-12-01

Abstract: The loss function of AUC optimization involves pair-wise instances coming from different classes, so the objective functions of AUC methods, depending on the sum of pair-wise losses, are quadratic in the number of training examples. As a result, the objective functions of this type can not be directly solved through conventional online learning methods. The existing online AUC maximization methods focus on avoiding the direct calculation of all pair-wise loss functions, in order to reduce the problem sizes and achieve the online AUC optimization. To further solve the AUC optimization problems described above, we propose a novel AUC objective function that is only linear in the number of training examples. Theoretical analysis shows the minimization of the proposed objective function is equivalent to that of the objective function for AUC optimization by the combination of L2 regularization and least square surrogate loss. Based on this new objective function, we obtain the method named linear online AUC maximization (LOAM). According to different updating strategies for classifiers, we develop two algorithms for LOAM method: LOAM\-{ILSC} and LOAM\-{Ada}. Experimental results show that, compared with the rival methods, LOAM\-{ILSC} can achieve better AUC performance, and LOAM\-{Ada} is more effective and efficient to handle real-time or high dimensional learning tasks.

Key words: classification, AUC optimization, online learning, linear method, least square loss

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