%A Song Chuanming, Min Xin, Xie Weidong, Yin Baocai, Wang Xianghai
%T Elastic Motion Estimation Algorithm Using Two-Bit-Depth Pixels
%0 Journal Article
%D 2019
%J Journal of Computer Research and Development
%R 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2019.20180699
%P 2469-2484
%V 56
%N 11
%U {https://crad.ict.ac.cn/CN/abstract/article_4051.shtml}
%8 2019-11-12
%X To reduce the computational complexity of traditional elastic motion estimation, this paper proposes a novel elastic motion estimation algorithm using two-bit-depth pixels. First, the Prewitt operator is employed to calculate the gradient of each video frame. The mean and standard deviation of the gradient norm is utilized to down-sample each pixels depth from 8 b into 2 b. Second, the bitwise operation-based matrix multiplication and the comparison based partial derivative computation are introduced. We subsequently describe an elastic motion model using two-bit-depth pixels, as well as a simplified Gaussian-Newton method which avoids the repetitive computation of the Hessian matrix and its inverse matrix. Meanwhile, we establish the functional relationship of the damping step size versus motion vector increment and motion-compensated errors by the first-order linear approximation, obtaining a method for approximately calculating the initial step size. Furthermore, we address a fast method for solving the elastic motion model with two-bit-depth pixels, using the diamond search algorithm as initial search. Experimental results illustrate that our algorithm obviously outperforms the full search with eight-bit-depth pixels, the full search with two-bit-depth pixels, as well as the conventional elastic motion estimation with eight-bit-depth pixels in terms of the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and computational efficiency.