Write Optimization for RAID5 in Sequential Data Storage
Sun Zhizhuo1,2, Zhang Quanxin1,2, Li Yuanzhang1, Tan Yu'an1, Liu Jingyu1, and Ma Zhongmei1
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In sequential data storage, such as video surveillance, continuous data protection (CDP), virtual tape library (VTL), etc., the address of the I/O requests are mainly continuous except a small amount of random accesses, but the small write still exists and hampers the full exploitation of the performance of RAID5. In this paper, a write optimization method for RAID5 in sequential storage (WOSS) is presented. Firstly, address translation (AT) based on area mapping is performed, which maps the discontinuous address of write requests to continuous address space, so the continuous write for RAID5 is realized. Secondly, the write requests are buffered and further reorganized into the new ones aligned to the stripes of RAID5. Then they are dispatched to RAID5, thus the full write for RAID5 is achieved. Full write to RAID5 may completely eliminate the extra overhead caused by read modify write or reconstruction write for generating the parity, meanwhile the continuity of write requests further decreases the seek time and improves the throughput of RAID5 significantly. Experiments show that the optimization may improve the write performance prominently, especially when the 80% workload is sequential, and that the data transfer rate approaches about the maximum of RAID5, while the read performance is limitly reduced. The method is also suitable for RAID4 and RAID6 in sequential data storage.