A Survey of Artificial Intelligence Chip
Han Dong, Zhou Shengyuan, Zhi Tian, Chen Yunji, Chen Tianshi
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In recent years, artificial intelligence （AI）technologies have been widely used in many commercial fields. With the attention and investment of scientific researchers and research companies around the world, AI technologies have been proved their irreplaceable value in traditional speech recognition, image recognition, search/recommendation engine and other fields. However, at the same time, the amount of computation of AI technologies increases dramatically, which poses a huge challenge to the computing power of hardware equipments. At first, we describe the basic algorithms of AI technologies and their application algorithms in this paper, including their operation modes and operation characteristics. Then, we introduce the development directions of AI chips in recent years, and analyze the main architectures of AI chips. Furthermore, we emphatically introduce the researches of DianNao series processors. This series of processors are the latest and most advanced researches in the field of AI chips. Their architectures and designs are proposed for different technical features, including deep learning algorithms, large-scale deep learning algorithms, machine learning algorithms, deep learning algorithms for processing two-dimensional images and sparse deep learning algorithms. In addition, a complete and efficient instruction architecture(ISA) for deep learning algorithms, Cambricon, is proposed. Finally, we analyze the development directions of artificial neural network technologies from various angles, including network structures, operation characteristics and hardware devices. Based on the above, we predict and prospect the possible development directions of future work.