ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2017, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (3): 457-473.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2017.20151021

• 网络技术 •    下一篇

参与式感知:以人为中心的智能感知与计算

于瑞云,王鹏飞,白志宏,王兴伟   

  1. (东北大学软件学院 沈阳 110169) (yury@mail.neu.edu.cn)
  • 出版日期: 2017-03-01
  • 基金资助: 
    国家自然科学基金项目(61672148,61502092,61572123);国家杰出青年科学基金项目(61225012,71325002);教育部-中国移动科研基金项目(MCM20160201);辽宁省百千万人才工程项目(201514)

Participatory Sensing: People-Centric Smart Sensing and Computing

Yu Ruiyun, Wang Pengfei, Bai Zhihong,Wang Xingwei   

  1. (Software College, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169)
  • Online: 2017-03-01

摘要: 越来越多的无线智能移动设备集成了大量不同种类的传感器模块,与此同时无线移动网络也迅速普及.这些因素推动了参与式感知概念的提出与发展.参与式感知又被称为城市感知、以用户为中心的感知、群智感知.参与式感知可以解决传统无线传感网络难以大规模部署以及部署成本高昂的问题.参与式感知系统通过利用移动智能设备中的传感器、社交网络以及个人设备使用行为对参与者周围的物理环境、社会环境或者个人状态进行自主式采集、传输和分析,并做出智能化决策.这对未来实现智慧城市、普适计算以及物联网等重大概念具有重要的意义.首先介绍了参与式感知相关概念、理论以及相应的应用原型系统;然后介绍了参与式感知相关研究前沿热点,包括参与式感知的原型设计、感知数据处理、激励机制、隐私保护、恶意攻击以及不同移动网络的问题等;最后给出研究参与式感知的一般方法.

关键词: 参与式感知, 以用户为中心的感知, 城市感知, 群智感知, 普适计算

Abstract: More and more mobile devices are equipped with various kinds of sensors, and wireless mobile networks, such as 4G, Wi-Fi, have been largely developed and popularized in recent years. All of these factors promote the development of participatory sensing which is also called urban sensing, user-centric sensing, mobile crowd sensing. Participatory sensing can overcome the weakness of wireless sensor networks which are expensive and hard to deploy on a large scale. The participatory sensing system utilizes embedded sensors, social networks, user mobile usage behaviors and other sources where sensing data is generated and recorded in smart mobile devices to sense the physical environment, society and personality information etc. The sensing data is collected, transported and analyzed by the participatory sensing server, and processed useful sensing information is sent to data consumers. Participatory sensing is of great significance in achieving the concept of smart city, ubiquitous computing and Internet of things. The related concepts of participatory sensing and prototypes are introduced first in the paper. Then, the current hot research fields of participatory sensing, such as the participatory sensing prototype design, sensing data related problems, incentive mechanisms, privacy preserving, malicious behaviors, and frameworks in different wireless networks are elaborated in this paper. Finally, a general research method of studying participatory sensing is given.

Key words: participatory sensing, user-centric sensing, urban sensing, mobile crowd sensing, ubiquitous computing

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