ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

计算机研究与发展 ›› 2018, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (10): 2111-2124.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2018.20180585

所属专题: 2018分布式安全与区块链技术研究专题

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  1. 1(中国科学院大学国家计算机网络入侵防范中心 北京 101408);2(西安电子科技大学网络与信息安全学院 西安 710071) (
  • 出版日期: 2018-10-01
  • 基金资助: 

Survey of Smart Home Security

Wang Jice1, Li Yilian2, Jia Yan2, Zhou Wei1, Wang Yucheng2, Wang He2, Zhang Yuqing1,2   

  1. 1(National Computer Network Intrusion Protection Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408);2(School of Cyber Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071)
  • Online: 2018-10-01

摘要: 随着物联网技术的发展,智能家居产业日益繁荣,其安全问题受到越来越多研究者的关注,目前相关研究尚在起步阶段.首先回顾了智能家居的发展历程及现状,总结并介绍了当前智能家居系统架构.在安全方面,归纳、分析和总结了近几年的国内外文献,将安全问题划分为3个方面:平台安全、设备安全和通信安全,并分析了这3方面智能家居安全研究现状.目前平台安全研究主要集中于设计安全的认证和访问控制方案,以及发现设备联动和智能音箱等新场景的安全问题;设备安全研究主要包括设备固件漏洞挖掘和设备侧信道分析;通信安全研究主要包括协议漏洞挖掘和网络流量分析.总结了现有研究工作的进展,分析了所存在的不足与问题,并指出了目前智能家居安全研究面临的重要挑战与机遇.最后,结合智能家居安全研究现状,指出了4个未来的研究方向.

关键词: 智能家居, 安全, 隐私, 挑战与机遇, 综述

Abstract: With the development of the Internet of things technology, smart home industry has become increasingly prosperous, and its security issues have attracted the attention of more and more researchers. Currently, the related research on smart home security is still in initial stage. This paper first reviews the development history and current status of smart home, and summarizes the architecture of current smart home system. In terms of security, we analyze and summarize the domestic and foreign literatures in recent years, and divide security issues into three aspects: platform security, device security and communication security. Platform security research mainly focuses on designing secure authentication and access control scheme, as well as discovering security issues in new scenarios such as smart home trigger-action and smart speakers; device security research mainly includes device firmware vulnerability discovery and side channel analysis; communication security research mainly includes protocol vulnerability discovery and network traffic analysis. Through in-depth analysis of the shortcomings of existing research work, the challenges and opportunities faced by smart home security are summarized. Finally, based on the current research status of smart home security, we point out four future research directions.

Key words: smart home, security, privacy, challenge and opportunity, survey