An efficient, decentralized metadata management schema plays a vital role in large-scale distributed storage systems. The Hash-based partition schema and tree-based partition schema pay huge cost for expansion, and are sensitive to changes in cluster. In response to these problems, CH-MMS(consistent Hash based metadata management schema), is proposed. Virtual MDS (metadata server) is introduced in CH-MMS, and good effect for the cluster’s load balance is proved. Combining the standby mechanism with lazy-update policy, CH-MMS achieves fast failover and zero migration when the cluster changes. Due to its distributed metadata structure, CH-MMS has fast metadata lookup speed. In order to solve the problem that the Hash structure will cause damage to file system hierarchical semantics, a simple and flexible mechanism based on regular expression matching has been introduced. The following work is presented in the paper: 1)Expound the architecture of CH-MMS; 2)Introduce the core data structure of layout-table, virtual MDS and lazy-update policy, and their relevant algorithms; 3)Qualitatively analyze scalability and fault tolerance. The prototype system and simulation show that, CH-MMS is metadata-balancing and has fast failover, flexible expansion and zero migration when cluster changes. CH-MMS can meet the needs of flexible, efficient metadata management of large-scale storage systems with increasing data.