ISSN 1000-1239 CN 11-1777/TP

Journal of Computer Research and Development ›› 2020, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (7): 1460-1471.doi: 10.7544/issn1000-1239.2020.20190643

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Iterative Entity Alignment via Re-Ranking

Zeng Weixin1, Zhao Xiang1,2, Tang Jiuyang1,2, Tan Zhen1, Wang Wei3   

  1. 1(Science and Technology on Information Systems Engineering Laboratory, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073);2(Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Technology (Wuhan University), Wuhan 430079);3(School of Computer Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2052)
  • Online:2020-07-01
  • Supported by: 
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61872446, 61902417, 71690233, 71971212), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province of China (2019JJ20024), and the Postgraduate Scientific Research Innovation Project of Hunan Province (CX20190033).

Abstract: Existing knowledge graphs (KGs) inevitably suffer from the problem of incompleteness. One feasible approach to tackle this issue is by introducing knowledge from other KGs. During the process of knowledge integration, entity alignment (EA), which aims to find equivalent entities in different KGs, is the most crucial step, as entities are the pivots that connect heterogeneous KGs. State-of-the-art EA solutions mainly rely on KG structure information for judging the equivalence of entities, whereas most entities in real-life KGs are in low degrees and contain limited structural information. Additionally, the lack of supervision signals also constrains the effectiveness of EA models. In order to tackle aforementioned issues, we propose to combine entity name information, which is not affected by entity degree, with structural information, to convey more comprehensive signals for aligning entities. Upon this basic EA framework, we further devise a curriculum learning based iterative training strategy to increase the scale of labelled data with confident EA pairs selected from the results of each round. Moreover, we exploit word mover’s distance model to optimize the utilization of entity name information and re-rank alignment results, which in turn boosts the accuracy of EA. We evaluate our proposal on both cross-lingual and mono-lingual EA tasks against strong existing methods, and the experimental results reveal that our solution outperforms the state-of-the-arts by a large margin.

Key words: entity alignment, curriculum learning, iterative training, re-ranking, knowledge graph alignment

CLC Number: